Subterranean Termite colonies can have up to 2 million members! Their conies are divided into three groups: worker, soldiers, reproductive.Termites eat wood, wallpaper, plastics and fabric made from plants.
Subterranean termites need contact with the soil of survive. They live in underground colonies in wet areas aboveground. They build tunnels to reach food and every spring , groups of reproductive termites fly off to star new colonies.
Subterranean termites are social insects which live in colonies in the ground. They build in tunnel that look like mud tubes(known as shelter tubes) above ground level in the search of food. Wood is made up of cellulosic material which is the favorite food of Sub-terranean termites. Termites can also damage material of organic with cellulosic base such as paper, cardboard, fabric, furniture, etc. However termites are known for their voracious tendencies and can damage even non-cellulosic substances also in search of the food and shelter.
Because subterranean termites will die if exposed to air for an extended period of time, therefore they need constant moisture source for their survival. The mud tunnels provide protection from the open air and direct sunlight, allowing workers to forage for the food. Subterranean termites can form runways in the form of tunnels through cracks in concrete. Therefore even RCC structures are not exempt from these termites.
The basic purpose of creating a chemical barrier in the soil, along the building is interrupt the runways of termites that root through the termite colony in the soil. Once a continuous barrier is created, they cannot safely return to their central colony nest through the chemically treated soil. It is an established fact that Termites are compelled to return every few days to their central colony nest in the ground to obtain moisture essential for their survival and to feed and groom the nymphs (young termites), the king, queen and other members of the colony. Thus the successful installation of a chemical barrier into the soil requires lot of expertise and specialized equipment to form a complete and continuous barrier to protect the premises from a termite entry and future infestation. To prevent your house from Subterranean Termites Don’t let water pool around your home’s foundation. Termites like that! Never leave wood scraps in the yard for theme to snack on.
Life Cycle of Termite
The egg-laying termite queen lays her eggs, the termite larvae transform into termite workers, termite soldiers or reproductive termites.
How Long Does a Termite Live
Termites are surprisingly long-lived insects. Considering that termites live in soil and are exposed to a multitude of fungi and possible mycotoxins, termites are great survivors. Also considering the predators, which can easily feed on termites and break into the colonies, termites are resilient. Studies show that queen termites can live up to decades under ideal climate conditions. Workers and soldiers live approximately one to two years.
Termite colonies can remain intact for the life of the queen, so by the time the primary queen dies, the colony can have quite an expansive territory. For subterranean termites, with the number of members of the colony approaching a million in some species, extensive damage can occur in wood. Scientists today are using DNA analyses to map out the size and territories of colonies. One study has concluded that there are over twenty colonies per acre in some areas. This means that the long living termite queen can die off, but the secondary reproductives termites and the other colony queens will keep reproduction moving forward.
Termite infestations can be difficult to identify before they have reached full maturity. Because a queen termite's life can span so many years, populations left unchecked are capable of causing considerable damage to infested structures. These buildings can require extensive repair. Estimates are the termite damage in the US each year exceeds $5 billion. Termite damage is not covered by homeowner insurance since it is not a sudden occurrence; damage takes place over an extended period..
At the first sign of a termite infestation, arrange for an inspection. Get an estimate for treatment if there is infestation. Many people today also prefer to implement preventative termite treatments before termites take a bite out of their home.
Damage in wooden furniture